Learning Nebosh

Element 1: Foundation in Health & Safety.

Related posts:

Element 1: Foundation in Health & Safety
Element 2 – Setting Policy for Health and Safety
Element 3 – Organizing for Health and Safety
Element 4 – Promoting a Positive Health and Safety Culture
Element 5 – Investigation, Recording Health and Safety Incidents

What is an accident?

  • An unwanted, unplanned event that results in a loss of some kind.
  • What is an Incident or Near miss?
  • An unwanted, unplanned event that had the potential to result in a loss.
  • What is a Hazard?
  • Something with the potential to cause harm.
  • What is Risk?
  • The likelihood that harm will occur and the severity of the harm.

Why manage health and safety?

There are 3 major reasons why an employer should manage health and safety in the workplace:

  • Moral,
  • Legal,
  • Financial,

The main goal is to:

  • Reduced accidents,
  • Reduced loss through damage to equipment,
  • Reduced absenteeism,
  • Reduced insurance premiums,
  • Improved morale,
  • Improved company reputation,
  • Reduced fines,
  • Reduced compensation claims,
  • Increased likelihood of securing business,

What is the difference between Civil and Criminal Law?

Civil: to compensate an injured party for loss as a consequence of an accident or ill health,

Criminal: To punish and deter individuals/Organisations from behaving in a way that society has decided is unacceptable,

Fault Liability:

  • There was a duty of care owed to the injured party.
  • The duty of care was breached (Negligence).
  • The breach caused injury or loss.

What must an employer provide?

  • Safe place of work and safe access and egress,
  • Safe systems of work,
  • Safe plant and equipment,
  • Information, Instruction, Training and supervision,
  • Safe and competent fellow workers.

What are the hidden costs of accidents?

  • Lost Time,
  • Extra wages, overtime payments, temporary workers,
  • Sick pay,
  • Fines,
  • Legal costs,
  • Claims,
  • Damage to equipment,
  • Repairs to plant and equipment,
  • Production delays,
  • Loss of contracts,
  • Increased insurance premiums,
  • Loss of business reputation.

Why there are some variations of Legislation between countries?

The principal reasons that create some variation in the legislation between countries are:

  • Different legal systems,
  • Different standards of legislation and enforcement,
  • Different penalties for breaches,
  • Religious and cultural issues,
  • Knowledge of enforcement bodies,
  • Funding of enforcement staff,
  • Degree of monitoring/reporting to enforcement authorities,
  • Political pressure.

What are the principal sources of Information organizations should use?

The sources of information are internal and external.

Internal.

Regarding internal information can be used for example:

  • Risk assessments,
  • Policies,
  • Inspection reports,
  • Medical records
  • Health and safety committees
  • Plant registers
  • Safety advisors
  • Etc.

External.

  • Government bodies,
  • National safety organizations,
  • Suppliers and manufacturers,
  • International standards,
  • Consultants and specialists,
  • Insurance companies.

What are the most important steps to have in place a successful Management system?

To maintain a successful health and safety management system in place the organization needs to ensure is following these simple six steps:

  1. Policy:

Health and safety aims of the organization, health and safety objectives, and management commitment.

  • Organizing:

Competence, commitment, and control, Cooperation, Communication.

  • Planning and Implementation:

Identify hazards, assess risks, and decide how risks can be eliminated or controlled. Sets standards against which performance can be measured.

  • Measuring Performance:

Be used as a means of determining the extent to which health and safety policy and objectives are being implemented and should be both reactive and proactive.

  • Reviewing:

Analyzing data gathered through monitoring to see whether performance is adequate.

  • Audit:

Systematic critical examination of each stage of an organization’s management systems and procedures.


Related posts:

Element 1: Foundation in Health & Safety
Element 2 – Setting Policy for Health and Safety
Element 3 – Organizing for Health and Safety
Element 4 – Promoting a Positive Health and Safety Culture
Element 5 – Investigation, Recording Health and Safety Incidents

You can download for free all this information:

Nebosh IGC 1

Element 1: Foundation in Health & Safety

Element 3: Organizing for Health and Safety

Element 4: Promoting a Positive Health and Safety Culture (2/2)

Element 5: Investigation, Recording Health and Safety Incidents (2/)

Element 2: Setting Policy for Health and Safety

Element 4: Promoting a Positive Health and Safety (1/2)

Element 5: Investigation, Recording Health, and Safety (1/2)

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